A Barnyard of Beefaloo? Bane of Beefaloo!
non-management of beefaloo on the North Rim of the Grand Canyon

and, selected North Rim day hikes, 2014
May and September, 2014

Text and photos © copyright by Rob Jones

Co-adventurers: George & Nancy Whitmore (first segment); Kathleen (second segment)
Camera: Panasonic DMC-FZ200

Along the Ranger 41
Along the Ranger 41
(Click the image for the full-size image)
Collared Lizard, Sowats Pt area
Collared Lizard, Sowats Pt area
(Click the image for the full-size image)

Beefaloo - near North Rim entrance
Beefaloo - near North Rim entrance
(Click the image for the full-size image)
view from The Transept Trail
view from The Transept Trail
(Click the image for the full-size image)

mist flow - North Kaibab Trail
mist flow - North Kaibab Trail
(Click the image for the full-size image)
view from Cape Royal
view from Cape Royal
(Click the image for the full-size image)

Movie of Roaring Springs 20mb
Movie of Roaring Springs 20mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

     "Only a mountain has lived long enough to listen objectively to the howl of a wolf...We reached the old wolf in time to watch the fierce green fire dying in her eyes... There was something new to me in those eyes - something known only to her and the mountains. I was young then, and full of trigger-itch. I thought that because fewer wolves meant more deer that no wolves would mean hunter's paradise, but after seeing the green fire die, I sensed that neither the wolf nor the mountain agreed with such a view." - Aldo Leopold

Movie of Beefaloo near the North Rim entrance, 5 mb
Movie of Beefaloo near the North Rim entrance, 5 mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

     ERM* = Energy Required Miles. A mile is added for every 500' elevation gain or loss. It's a very serviceable method of estimating energy required miles. And, see a study about the validity of using ERMs below.

     Summary: First segment, May. I was traveling to the North Rim to collect the cache buckets left during the Snomageddon frolic in the Kanab Creek Wilderness and decided to hike and investigate a bit while there. I talked with my friend, George Whitmore, and he asked about the beefaloo on the North Rim. We teamed up to inspect the damage wrought by beefaloo during this segment, exploring the beefaloo carnage on the Powell Plateau.
     Second segment, September. Kathleen and I obtained a reservation for the North Rim CG (campground) and enjoyed some of our traditional hikes while there.

Panorama - Vermilion Cliffs; 1.2 mb; 6772 x 950; scroll L-R to see the entire pano
Panorama - Vermilion Cliffs; 1.2 mb; 6772 x 950; scroll L-R to see the entire pano
(Click the image for the full-size image)


First Segment - The Bane of A Barnyard of Beefaloo!

Movie of Upper Jumpup Spring; 6 mb
Movie of Upper Jumpup Spring; 6 mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

     May 22nd and 23rd. The Ranger 41: To Lower Jumpup Springs. 10 miles, ERM = 15.
     Dropping toward Kanab Creek Wilderness on FR (forest road) 427 and 423, my eyes and lungs protest. Smoke from the Slide Fire just South of Flagstaff? Yikes. Damn tea-baggers, sequestering public land agencies and not the bloated military, which spends more than the militaries of the next 21 nations, combined. No money, so funds are shifted to fighting fires from thinning and other preventive activities -- and conditions for catastrophic fire get worse and worse. Selfish tea-baggers, a scourge to democracy everywhere. Subsidies and corporate welfare to big oil and big pharma and the uber-wealthy is OK, yet properly funding the stewardship of our public lands is not? Socialize the loss, privatize the gain seems to be the motto of tea-baggers.
     Dropping below 6000', the air clears some. The road ends at Jumpup Cabin and the TH (trailhead) for the Ranger #41. I've seen only one FS (forest service) vehicle (the only vehicle) since leaving Jacob Lake.
     I've hiked most of the Ranger a couple of times, yet not the part that travels from Jumpup Cabin to the Esplanade level. I found the road to the cabin in surprisingly good condition and soon I parked near the cabin and enjoyed coyote calls while setting up camp and eating dinner. The next morning, I hiked past Upper Jumpup Spring, saw some pictos, and down the canyon to the Esplanade. It spit some rain while I ate lunch under an overhang in the upper Esplanade layers, so I decided to return to the rim rather than explore down to Lower Jumpup Spring. Gorgeous country.
     The Upper Jumpup Spring water burbles magically into the cement trough. 1950 it says in the cement. A cast-off wood trough rots in the deep shade of Boxelder Trees. A tiny oasis. I'm wondering, "where is the trail down canyon?" It continues through the Boxelders. I take a turn and wow - pictos under an overhang and a smidgeon of pueblo wall too. Down canyon, I'm soon beset by wind-whipped rain. It passes. There's not much left of the Ranger 41 in most of this canyon. Vestiges exist on some of the low benches. After 5 miles, I am at the Esplanade and the junction with the Jumpup-Nail #8 coming from Sowats Point.
     I lounge under an Esplanade overhang and enjoy part of an early lunch. The rain spits but mostly it holds off while I'm sheltered by the overhang, then starts as I walk back toward the cabin. A bit more hiding from rain, a second snack.
     Driving back to FR22, the main road in this area, it starts to rain, which turns to snow as I approach the turn toward Sowats Point. What?! Again? It seems my visits to Sowats have often been accompanied by snow (Snowmageddon in Snake Gulch trip, 2014 (click to go to trip report) from earlier this year). Thunder booms and lightning cracks, nearly simultaneously, as I start down the track to Sowats Point. The boom/blast are so close I hop in the truck seat, clearing the cushion. Soon, more snow, then some rain and I am slithering toward the Point. Oh no, slippery Sowats Road again?! Yes, I take it very slowly so as not to coat the entire truck with mud. 4x4, low range, lock in the hubs, slither, try to avoid rutting the roadbed, wrestle with some pinons that have fallen across the road, argh. The snow changes back to rain, then stops. Yet, the damage is done, I note, as I slither to the good camp area short of the Sowats TH, feeling happy to be off the road. The sun comes out as I fiddle with the tarp, set-up the tent, and enjoy a shower. I have seen not a person today.

     "Reality has a well-known liberal bias." - Stephen Colbert

Movie of Pictos near Upper Jumpup; 4mb
Movie of Pictos near Upper Jumpup; 4mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

Ranger Trail photos

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Map - Kanab Wilderness, Ranger 41, Jumpup Cabin to Esplanade (10 miles; ERM = 15)
Map - Kanab Wilderness, Ranger 41, Jumpup Cabin to Esplanade (10 miles; ERM = 15)
(Click the image to see the map)

     May 25th. Sowats Point to Esplanade: pick-up cache from Snowmageddon in Snake Gulch and Fishtail Frolic: Kanab Creek Wilderness. 6.8 miles; ERM = 14.
     Alternately sipping mango tango (a la Wendy L.'s recipe - spiced rum and green tea peach mango) and decaf coffee laced with milk, I'm slipping into Canyon rim time after a cache container retrieval hike and a hot shower. I gained some shower water by draining the ice water from the cooler this morning - although I'm carrying 12 gallons for the days ahead. I left the cooler water heating in the solar shower bag while I was out hiking today.
     The day starts cool with me snuggled in my fat Marmot (not the standard backpack bag, the Helium, but the Aiguille (named for a needle-shaped rock)) and wondering if I could nap just a bit longer. Up, I leave the good camp in place and walk to the Jumpup-Nail #8 TH and call Kathleen. Surprise, I get through, connecting somewhere via Utah, as evidenced by the time on the phone. The report is that the Slide Fire is growing. Yes, I suspect as much because I can smell it here. (Later, after learning about the Galahad Fire, I realize that this may have been the fire I smelled.)
     Down the ball bearing steep slope through the Coconino SS (sandstone) - yet it's rollers of limestone from above that provide the slip and slide. Yowee. I meet Steve of NV, who hiked near but not to the Slide of Susurrus in Kanab Creek. "Not on the map," he says. Many luscious things are not. Perhaps this is how come they are still luscious? See the Slide in the below video - not to be missed.
     I find the two 5-gallon cache buckets left during the Snowmageddon in Snake Gulch trip, 2014 (click to go to trip report) and pile all together before going in search of pictos and ruins. A cowboy ruin and faint pictos are all I find. Now, the trudge back up 1800' and back to camp, with the ungainly buckets that are crammed into the top of my pack thumping me in the head on the steep parts. It's cloudy, breezy, almost cool, and the cheddar-potato soup is ready - so, I must go.
     here is what Steve missed - Slide of Susurrus

Movie - Slide of Susurrus, Day 4 - 12mb
Movie - Slide of Susurrus, Day 4 - 12.0mb - from the 2013 Kanab Creek Backpack
(Click the image to see the short video)

Sowats to Esplanade photos

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     May 26th. Rendezvous Day: To East Rim views of Saddle Mountain Wilderness.
     What a difference! Today, I coast out from Sowats in 2WD and add nothing to the 200 pounds of dried mud clinging to the Ranger. Lovely. It tries to rain as I investigate the crow's nest FS lookout at Dry Park, yet the spittle is feeble. Back on FR22, I hit pavement at Hwy 67 and go to Demotte CG. Then, to the store, from where I leave what I hope will be a message from the pay phone for George and Nancy about a camp spot I've found on a rim FR, where I set up my tent as a territorial marker, then set off to explore the views into Saddle Mountain Wilderness and the vista toward the cleft that is Marble Canyon of The Colorado. Back at the camp spot, I see that Nancy and George have arrived. Yahoo - tales wash into sunset, surrounded by a fleet of Yellow-rump Warblers hopping and dining and ignoring us.

     May 27th. Swampster: To Swamp Point, start the search for beefaloo and their devastation.
     The views are suddenly there, like a postcard, only so much better. Nancy, George, and I have made it to Swamp Point, where vistas range to the near of Powell Plateau, the depth of North Bass, the corrugated crenulations of the South Rim, the distant volcanic lumps of the San Francisco Peaks. Beyond. Glorious.
     Today, we're up to a cool morning above 9,000', which warms rapidly with the intense sun. Off we start on our quest to reach Swamp Point TH and CG. We slowly sail to Swamp Point. No down trees, no mud or huge puddles. Hooray. Thanks FS/NPS fire crews for clearing the way, and recently too. And, perhaps the most terrific vehicle camp, per views, in the area. Rich and Allyson are there with their camper van.

Rendezvous and Swampster Day photos

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wgc-beefaloo-2014-day4-5-1  Dry Park LO.jpg (317307 bytes)

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     May 28th. Bane of Beefaloo. Beefaloo rampage on the Powell Plateau: To Swamp Point, start the search for beefaloo and their devastation. 10. miles; ERM = 18.5
     There, again, disgusting beefaloo dung dropped dead center in the ancient surface ruin on Powell Plateau. Deplorable beasts, introduced by greed, incompetence, and apathy, with some accident thrown in. Abandoned in place by profiteers, and like miners and petroleum developers everywhere, again leaving the mess for the public to clean up. And, these mutants have damaged the trail from the TH to the Muav Saddle (Wayne Ranney reports that the word "Muav" is of Paiute origin and the word means "saddle." So the term "Muav Saddle" is redundant. Muav Limestone was first described and named from Muav Canyon and not this saddle. In the present area, Muav Limestone - is found much farther down the North Bass). Beefaloo bust the edge of the trail tread, and stomp downhill, creating erosion chutes down the fall line. Do they help open the trail, as some beefaloo cheerleaders suggest? No. There is no evidence of this. They are creating erosion paths which are/will result in the demise of the trail. Will the beefaloo cheerleaders come to repair the trail, fence the springs and ponds, keep beefaloo out of archeology sites? No. Yet, they will try to force the NPS, FS, BLM to cater to these invasive mutants, and the fish and game will cheer them on (it's all about $ and the hatred of predators to them).
     We start the day by hiking to Queen Anne Spring and then Teddy's Cabin, before climbing the beefaloo-ravaged trail to the Powell Plateau. Once on top, there is a trail along the East side to Dutton Canyon, where we see the largest concentration of surface ruins (there are undoubtedly many others we do not see). Already at over 5 miles out, we opt to head back, knowing more archeology sites are scattered about, most likely each containing a multitude of beefaloo dung. What do you think happens to our precious archeology during this massive dung dropping? Stomping, trammeling, smashing, and trashing. We trip over a couple of more sites on the way back. The Galahad Fire flares into sight across the North Bass bay as we walk the plateau and we wonder if we might be spending extra time at this most excellent camp. Humm, maybe it's this fire I have been smelling?
     Yes, I believe it is time to get the beefaloo off the North Rim. Yes, I strongly support the protection of actual bison in their native habitat. My letter to the scoping process about the beefaloo can be seen below.

Chanel 12 news (click for jpg copy of text): Bison boom at Grand Canyon damages environment Stephen Root, 12 News, azcentral.com, November 8, 2014

Bane of Beefaloo photos

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Map - GC north rim, powell plateau; 10.5 miles; ERM = 18
Map - GC north rim, powell plateau; 10.5 miles; ERM = 18
(Click the image to see the map)

     May 29th. East Rim Views:
     We stopped along the Swamp Ridge road to inspect the beefaloo carnage at Swamp Lake. Beefaloo trampled the fence designed to keep them out of half the lake. They mucked up both sides of the failed enclosure. Standard fencing does not work with beefaloo. What will other wildlife do with beefaloo fouling their precious water sources?
     On the way out from the Park, just leaving the Swamp Ridge Rd, we encounter a caliente of FS Hot Shots heading to the historic Kanabowits Cabin area. They report that they going to manage the Galahad Fire a bit more. We're moving to one of those vista view sites overlooking the House Rock Valley area East of Hwy 67 - land from where the mutant beefaloo escaped several years ago.

Chanel 12 news (click for jpg copy of text): Bison boom at Grand Canyon damages environment Stephen Root, 12 News, azcentral.com, November 8, 2014

Beefaloo trample Swamp Lake photos

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Second Segment - North Rim dayhikes in Grand Canyon NP.

     September 4th. Transept: 3 miles, ERM = 3.5.
     There they are, beefaloo barnyarding the meadows just inside Grand Canyon NP. Sad, hiding from their predators (hunters) and mucking up the precious water sources on the North Rim. Regrettably, they are not avoiding wolves because there are no wolves here (yet).
     The rain we encountered while entering the Park has stopped by the time we eat at the North Rim deli and begin setting up camp. I enjoy a walk along the Transept Trail, resplendent with views into The Transept and the North Kaibab.
     It's cool enough this evening that we are treated to the bellicose intrusion of whinehogo heating fans and generators. Oh, the joy of natural quiet - long ago auctioned off to corporate welfare artists in the Grand Canyon

Transept Day photos

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     September 5th. North Kaibab Trail to Roaring Springs: 13 miles, ERM = 25.
     The North Kaibab Trail is swaddled in rolling mist as we approach the TH from the CG, boiling through the Arizona Trail-North Kaibab gap. Scenic. Mystical. The rains have made the recently-maintained trail a delight, with no dust and soft treading. Down, past the Coconino Overlook, through the Supai Tunnel, over the Redwall Bridge, along the edged-into the cliff section through the Redwall and to the Roaring Springs rest area, Kathleen and I drop 3,000' in elevation over the 6+ miles from the CG. North Kaibab! It's also cooler today because of the passing storm front, and we enjoy the walk out too. By afternoon, however, the soft trail has been stomped out by mule traffic, and there is an abundance of mule steps to negotiate.

Movie of Mist rolling through the N Kaibab - AZ Trail gap; 5 mb
Movie of Fogageddon - Mist rolling through the N Kaibab - AZ Trail gap; 5 mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

North Kaibab to Roaring Springs photos

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Movie of Roaring Springs 20mb
Movie of Roaring Springs 20mb - same video as in above intro section
(Click the image to see the short video)

Map - GC North Rim, CG to Roaring Springs; 13 miles; ERM = 25
Map - GC North Rim, CG to Roaring Springs; 13 miles; ERM = 25
(Click the image to see the map)

     September 6th. Rest and Walhala: 1 mile, ERM = 1.5.
     Today we tour the sights along the way to Cape Royal. We enjoy terrific views of Unkar Delta - and reminisce about backpacking the Escalante Route across The River. Delightful country. The Walhalla Ruins make me wonder if this is what the Powell Plateau ruins may have looked like prior to the scourge of the beefaloo.

Movie of a Grouse rousting a Raven; 8.2 mb
Movie of a Grouse rousting a Raven; 8.2 mb
(Click the image to see the short video)

Rest and Walhala photos

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     September 7th. Widforss: 10+ miles, ERM = 11.5.
     My umbrella riding high in my day pack, we are on the rolling highlands to Widforss Point. This is a terrific jaunt with Canyon and forest views. The humidity is high after another round of evening rains. The timing is excellent because we've endured only very brief daytime dribbles. This is the same hike where we shot a video of a blue (Sooty) grouse.
     It's a wonderful cruise to the overlook of Widforss Point, which affords sweeping views of the South Rim. One can easily see the South Kaibab Trail as it skirts around the foot of the Redwall, headed for the Tonto Platform. Other South Rim features are laid out for the careful observer.
     Thunder heads build as we hike back toward the TH. The rains come as we are back in camp getting ready to walk to the showers. Certainly, we've made good use of the Outfitter Wing during this outing. The evening is cool enough to enjoy a fire while waiting for billions and billions of stars to appear.
     How lonely is the night without the howl of a wolf.

     "Now the hungry lion roars, And the wolf behowls the moon." — William Shakespeare

Movie of grouse
We encountered this N Rim Grouse (Sooty Grouse; Dendragapus fuliginosus) in Grand Canyon NP - here is the movie (mp4; 12mb)
here is the movie (mp4; 12mb)

Widforss Trail photos

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wgc-beefaloo-2014-day11-1 Widforss Trail.jpg

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Map - GC North Rim, Widforss Trail (10 miles; ERM = 11.5)
Map - GC North Rim, Widforss Trail (10 miles; ERM = 11.5)
(Click the image to see the map)

Open letter to Superintendent David Uberuaga and the beefaloo management scoping process:

     During the first segment of this report, I visited the Powell Plateau and Swamp Lake to see what beefaloo impacts could be observed. Here is what I saw and my comments to the scoping process for possible management of beefaloo on the North Rim:

     Beefaloo are causing significant resource damage to:
     1. trails - creating erosion paths down the fall line, cutting across trails and switchbacks, destroying the edge of trail tread. This damage, in my opinion, is far in excess of any I have seen caused by elk or deer. Beefaloo are huge, and they are busting the trail tread, creating erosion ditches, straight down the fall line.
     2. archaeology - we found several surface ruins on the Plateau - all with trammeling from beefaloo, all containing beefaloo dung (a sign about who was there).
     3. Swamp Lake and water sources - trampling.
     4. so-called "standard fencing" - destroying it, e.g., at Swamp Lake, where beefaloo fur was knotted on barbs where the barb-wire fencing strands had been pushed apart. Beefaloo tracks and trampling on entire previously wet surface of Swamp Lake.
     5. Vegetation - a barnyard like atmosphere is found in many shady verandas under the Ponderosa Pines. Beefaloo dung everywhere. There's lots of dung in the Swamp Point Camp, on the trails, on the Powell Plateau, etc. Dust predominates in many of these barnyard areas.
     6. Sense of well-being on the North Rim. Having been caught on my touring bicycle in Yellowstone Bison traffic jams, I'm wondering about the safety issue of hikers encountering these beefaloo in the open forests and meadows of the North Rim. Dangerous. Public safety issues should be considered.

     Should the public support Bison in Grand Canyon National Park? It seems many are getting ahead of the evidence/science. Are these creatures beefaloo or bison? I believe this question should be answered first. National Parks have the mission of stewardship for NATURAL resources, not as public service cowboys and cowgirls for a hybrid invasive species.
     Physical characteristics are necessary but insufficient to warrant support of a barnyard of beefaloo in a national park, or on public land anywhere. I'd like to see the science and I support obtaining it before moving to the next question.
     A related question is - what size herd is essential to ensuring viability of the herd (that is, enough genetic diversity to prevent inbreeding, etc.) and is this number too large for the forage and water and living space on the Kaibab Plateau?
     Alternatively, does the public want a barnyard type of atmosphere on the North Rim? I do not. Currently the Powell Plateau and Swamp Ridge resemble a barnyard. Beefaloo are becoming more concentrated in the Park to avoid hunters. Is a beefaloo-burnt landscape already evolving?

     Should the public support the concept of managing the herd size to fit the available land base? Given the possibility that these are genetically bison (I still want to see the science, not opinions), I support natural management of the herd by reintroducing wolves. No wolves, no bison. Here I agree with some of the beefaloo cheerleaders, wolves are critical to the natural management of bison.

     "Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts." — Daniel Patrick Moynihan

     Should the public support the concept of using sportsman hunting outside the park and (NPS) culling within the park as a way to move the herd seasonally in and out of the park?
     I agree, as long as wolves do the culling inside the park, and ideally, outside the park as well.
     This will require an agreement with the AZ fish and game that they will not harass wolves. Provisions should be established to cancel grazing rights and fine and exclude from public land ranchers and others who harm wolves.

     The protection of seeps, springs and archeological resources is required.
     Yes, I agree, however, standard fencing does not seem to work up to the task. It seems unreasonable to attempt to fence the large number of archeology sites, especially because many have yet to be documented.
     In my days of living in the Yellowstone area - ranchers built some hefty fences to try to keep the bison out of their haystacks, with limited success. Standard fencing seems a poor solution to protecting springs/water sources and does not address what to do about other beefaloo impacts to archeology, trails, etc.

     One recommended decision process:
     1. Are these beefaloo or bison? Not bison - get them totally out of the park and off all public lands. Return them to private land where trophy hunters can engage them for beefaloo brisket. (End of decision tree - remove beefaloo.) Hosting a BBQ.gov for those who put the "Service!" in National Park Service is a fine idea. Employees from other public land agencies should be invited, yes even those predator-haters from the AZ game and fish.
     2. If bison, will wolves be reintroduced to the Plateau? If no, then the bison must go because there is not a feasible control mechanism that works within the Park. I realize that the AZ game and fish do not see predators as important or essential, because they are basically lobbyists for the hook and bullet special interest crowd and actively try to exterminate (or prevent the reintroduction of) predators who made the game species what they are. This is not natural management, not stewardship. It is a public service lobby for a special interest group. The public is subsidizing the eradication of animals/processes essential to wildlife ecology via animal control activities. Where are the tea-baggers - they should be raging against this type of government overreach. No wolves, no assurance of no harassment by AZ fish and game, ranchers, federal entities? End of decision tree - remove beefaloo/bison.

     "We listened for a voice crying in the wilderness. And we heard the jubilation of wolves!" - Durwood L. Allen

     “There are, of course, several things in Ontario that are more dangerous than wolves. For instance, the step-ladder." - J.W. Curran


     *ERM: Energy Required Miles, are there data to support this mileage adjustment?
     Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education and Leadership
     Petzoldt first proposed his theory in his 1976 book “Teton Trails” to help backpackers plan trips and calculate their energy needs on mountain trails. “Petzoldt defined one energy mile as the energy required to walk one mile on the flat. He recommended adding two energy miles for every 1,000 feet of elevation gain, so a person hiking one mile and 1,000 feet upward would use the equivalent of three energy miles,” Phipps said.
     Petzoldt’s energy mile theory was just a reflection of the mountaineer’s “gut feeling,” Phipps said. The theory had never been tested in a laboratory before the study began in WCU’s Exercise Physiology Laboratory in the spring of 2010, Phipps said.
     To determine the validity of the theory, the study measured the energy cost and perceived exertion for walking on flat ground, with and without a 44.5-pound backpack, and up an elevation gain of 1,000 feet, with and without the backpack, through the collection of metabolic data, Phipps said.
     Twenty-four student, faculty and staff volunteers, including 12 males and 12 females, went through four testing sessions as the research continued into fall semester of 2010. The study results showed that the additional energy cost for ascending 1,000 feet ranged from 1.34 to 2.02 energy mile equivalents, for an average of about 1.6 miles, compared to Petzoldt’s use of two energy miles for each 1,000 feet. The range revealed by the study was due to the “hikers” personal weight differences, Phipps said. “It is remarkable that Petzoldt’s energy mile theory is so close to the actual energy cost measured during our study,” Phipps said. “In the field of outdoor education, it’s important for leaders to include an estimation of energy requirements during the planning of hiking trips.”
     Phipps said the energy required for hiking up steep mountain trails would vary for individuals and groups, and the variables of the trail would also factor in, but he recommends that backpackers stick with Petzoldt’s idea of adding two energy miles for every 1,000 feet of elevation gain when planning trips.
     The Validity of Petzoldt's Energy Mile Theory, 2010
Authors: Maridy McNeff Troy, Maurice L. Phipps
Publication: Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership


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Eaarth : making a life on a tough new planet, McKibben, Bill, Time Books, 2010.

Maybe one : an environmental and personal argument for single-child families, McKibben, Bill, Simon & Schuster, 1998.

The end of nature, McKibben, Bill, Random House, 1989.

Important Links:

Chanel 12 news (click for jpg copy of text): Bison boom at Grand Canyon damages environment Stephen Root, 12 News, azcentral.com, November 8, 2014

Scenic Toilets of Inner Earth

the geology of the Grand Canyon by the NPS

the Geology Song - Fossil Rock Anthem

Again, to Comedy Corner - More Truth than Joke:

be a liberal
be a liberal
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science of convenience
science of convenience
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stand for something good
tstand for something good
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wisdom from Aldo
wisdom from Aldo
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selfish or American?
selfish or American?
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welfare is for the rich
welfare is for the rich
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vote republican
vote republican
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